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Keine Regeln, sondern freiwillige Vereinbarungen sind die Rules of Conduct genannten Verhaltensregeln für Spieler und Trainer. Beim American Football. Das Passspiel, englisch auch Passing Play, ist eine Möglichkeit zum Raumgewinn im David Nelson: The Anatomy of a Game: Football, the Rules, and the Men Who Made the Game. University of Delaware Press, , ISBN 0- American Football Spielregeln. Mit freundlicher Genehmigung von Rhein Fire, die mir die Spielregeln von Ihrer alten Seite (als es die NFL-Europe noch gab). Dann sollten Sie jetzt weiterlesen! Direkt zu American Football für Dummies; Grundregeln; Das Spielfeld; Der Ball; Definitionen; Spielzeit; Spieler, Ersatzspieler. Das NFL-Lexikon auf textmob.co Die wichtigsten Begriffe des American Football, damit Ihr die National Football League ohne Probleme verfolgen könnt.
American Football Rules. Spielfeld. Das Spielfeld ist in 2 Hälften zu je 50 Yards unterteilt. 1 Yard = 91,44 cm. KICKER (K). Schießt Fieldgoals und PAT und führt die Kick-Off s durch. PUNTER (P). Führt die Befreiungskicks aus. THAT'S AMERICAN FOOTBALL. PLAYERS. Das NFL-Lexikon auf textmob.co Die wichtigsten Begriffe des American Football, damit Ihr die National Football League ohne Probleme verfolgen könnt. In diesem Fall gelten alle Wetten für das neu angesetzte Spiel. Wird von der Chain Crew Aiya Napa. Festhalten Holding : Es ist nicht erlaubt, einen Gegner am Körper, Trikot oder Schulterpolster festzuhalten oder zu ziehen. Sofern nicht anders angegeben, gelten notierte Preise für das ganze Spiel, inklusive jeder Spielverlängerung. Tackles sind dabei die schwersten und kräftigsten Spieler im Angriff. Weiter geht es zum vielleicht wichtigsten Sportgerät des American Footballs: dem Ball! In seinen Feinheiten unterscheidet es sich jedoch. Selbiges gilt auch für ein Field Goal, das daneben gegangen ist. Die Defense fängt den Ball in der Luft. American Football ist in der Volksrepublik China nicht populär. Dieser beginnt immer von der eigenen Yard-Linie. Und welche neuen Football-Regeln gibt es? Ein angefangener Spielzug wird immer fertig gespielt, auch wenn die Spielzeit im jeweiligen Quarter ausgelaufen ist. Damit Sie gut vorbereitet sind, finden Sie hier die Regeln vom American Football. Hier gibt's die Erklärung zu Interception, Facemask und Co. American Football Rules. Spielfeld. Das Spielfeld ist in 2 Hälften zu je 50 Yards unterteilt. 1 Yard = 91,44 cm. Die nachfolgenden Regeln gelten für alle American Football-Spiele, inklusive NFL, NCAA College Football, CFL und Arena Football. Wetten auf abgebrochene. KICKER (K). Schießt Fieldgoals und PAT und führt die Kick-Off s durch. PUNTER (P). Führt die Befreiungskicks aus. THAT'S AMERICAN FOOTBALL. PLAYERS.
American Football Rules - American Football: Das sind die Regeln für den Super Bowl 2020Der Strong Safety ist kräftiger und steht etwas näher an der Line of Scrimmage oft auch in der Linebacker-Reihe, circa fünf Yards hinter der Line , weil er gegen den Laufspielzug arbeitet und den Tight End abdeckt, der eher kurze Laufrouten hat und deutlich schwerer als ein gewöhnlicher Receiver ist. Erkennt der Quarterback, woher der Blitz kommt, hat er eine geschwächte Stelle der Verteidigung vor sich. Wichtig hierbei: Das Intentional Grounding wird nur gepfiffen, wenn sich der Quarterback noch in der Pocket, dem Raum hinter der Offense Line, befindet. Die Eiform hat übrigens einfach praktische Gründe: Einen kreisrunden Ball könnten Sie entweder gar nicht oder wesentlich schwerer in den Händen halten. In der NFL geht es etwas entspannter zu, hier darf deutlich entspannter gefeiert werden. Der Snap wird bei allen Spielzügen eingesetzt. Viele Spielzüge sind darauf ausgelegt, die Verteidigung zu verwirren.
A valid kickoff must travel at least this yard distance to the receiving team's restraining line, after which any player of either team may catch or pick up the ball and try to advance it a member of the kicking team may only recover a kickoff and may not advance it before being downed see "Downed player," below.
In most cases, the ball is kicked as far as possible typically 40 to 70 yards , after which a player of the receiving team is usually able to secure possession since the members of the kicking team cannot start downfield until after the ball is kicked.
Occasionally, for tactical reasons, the kicking team may instead choose to attempt an onside kick , in which the kicker tries to kick the ball along the ground just over the required yard distance in such a manner that one of his own teammates can recover the ball for the kicking side.
If it is touched before ten yards, the ball is dead and a re-kick or spot of the ball will be rewarded to the receiving team.
A member of the receiving team gaining possession of the ball on a kickoff may attempt to advance it as far as he can toward the kicking team's goal line before being downed.
Once the ball carrier is downed, the play is whistled dead and the ball is placed by the officials at the point where the play ended; this spot then becomes the line of scrimmage for the ensuing play.
A kick that travels through or goes out of bounds within the end zone without being touched, or is caught by the receiving team in the end zone but not advanced out of it, results in a touchback; the ball is then placed at the receiving team's yard line, which becomes the line of scrimmage.
In college football only, a fair catch by the receiving team between its own yard line and the goal line is treated as a touchback, with the ball placed at the A kickoff that goes out of bounds anywhere other than the end zone before being touched by the receiving team is an illegal kick: the receiving team has the option of having the ball re-kicked from five yards closer to the kicking team's goal line, or they may choose to take possession of the ball at the point where it went out of bounds or 30 yards from the point of the kick 25 yards in high school, and in college as of [update] , whichever is more advantageous.
A free-kick is also used to restart the game following a safety. The team that was trapped in its own end zone, therefore conceding two points to the other team, kicks the ball from its own yard line.
This can be a place kick in the NFL, a tee cannot be used , drop-kick, or punt. In the NFL and high school, a free kick may be taken on the play immediately after a fair catch ; see "fair catch kick" below.
Most standard football plays are considered sscrimmage plays, initiated from a line of scrimmage.
Exceptions are kickoffs and try plays below. Although similar rules apply during a try play, the number of points awarded for each score differs on a try play.
A touchdown is earned when a player has legal possession of the ball and the ball touches or goes over the imaginary vertical plane above the opposing team's goal line.
After a touchdown, the scoring team attempts a try play for 1 or 2 points see below. A successful touchdown is signaled by an official extending both arms vertically above the head.
A touchdown is worth six points, except in the defunct WFL where it was worth seven points. For statistical purposes, the player who advances the ball into or catches it in the end zone is credited with the touchdown.
If a forward pass was thrown on the play, the throwing player is also credited with a passing touchdown. A field goal is scored when the ball is place kicked, drop kicked, or free kicked after a fair catch or awarded fair catch High School or NFL only between the goalposts behind the opponent's end zone.
The most common type of kick used is the place kick. For a place kick, the ball must first be snapped to a placeholder, who holds the ball upright on the ground with his fingertip so that it may be kicked.
Three points are scored if the ball crosses between the two upright posts and above the crossbar and remains over. If a field goal is missed, the ball is returned to the original line of scrimmage in the NFL, to the spot of the kick; in high school, to the yard line if the ball enters the end zone, or otherwise where the ball becomes dead after the kick or to the yard line if that is further from the goal line, and possession is given to the other team.
If the ball does not go out of bounds, the other team may catch the kicked ball and attempt to advance it, but this is usually not advantageous.
One official is positioned under each goalpost; if either one rules the field goal no good, then the field goal is unsuccessful.
A successful field goal is signaled by an official extending both arms vertically above the head. A team that successfully kicks a field goal kicks off to the opposing team on the next play.
The uncommon safety is scored if a player causes the ball to become dead in his own end zone; two points are awarded to the opposing usually defending team.
This can happen if a player is either downed or goes out of bounds in the end zone while carrying the ball, or if he fumbles the ball, and it goes out of bounds in the end zone.
Safety is also awarded to the defensive team if the offensive team commits a foul which is enforced in its own end zone.
A safety is not awarded if a player intercepts a pass or receives a kick in his own end zone and is downed there. This situation, in which the opponent caused the ball to enter the end zone, is called a touchback ; no points are scored, and the team that gained possession of the ball is awarded possession at its own yard line.
If the interception or reception occurs outside the end zone, and the player is carried into the end zone by momentum, the ball is placed at the spot of the catch, and no safety is awarded.
A safety is signaled by a referee holding both palms together above the head, fingertips pointing upwards.
After a safety, the team that conceded the safety kicks a free kick which may be a punt, place kick, or drop-kick from its yard line. A try play as opposed to a regular scrimmage play or kickoff , more commonly referred to as an extra-point attempt, PAT abbreviation of "point after touchdown" , conversion attempt, or two-point conversion attempt , based on the scoring team's intentions on the play, is awarded to the scoring team immediately following a touchdown.
This un-timed down is an opportunity to score additional points. The offensive team may attempt to kick the ball through the goalposts, in the same manner, that a field goal is kicked during a scrimmage play.
In the NFL, the ball is spotted at the yard line. In college and high school, the ball is spotted at the 3-yard line.
If successful, the team is awarded 1 point, referred to as an extra point. This option is almost always chosen because a two-point conversion attempt is much riskier.
The offensive team may attempt to advance the ball via run or pass into the end zone, much like a touchdown on the extra-point attempt, except that it receives two points.
This is called a two-point conversion. If the offense elects to attempt a two-point conversion on the try play, the ball is spotted at the 2-yard line in the NFL and on the 3-yard line for college and high school.
The success rate for two-point conversions is about 48 percent  in the NFL, making the two-point conversion attempt a risky tactic; thus it is usually attempted only when two points will help the team but one point will not.
Under college and NFL rules, if the defensive team gains possession and advances the ball the length of the field into the opposite end zone on the try play via interception or a fumble recovery, or by blocking a kick and legally recovering the ball , they score two points.
This is officially recorded as a defensive conversion scored by the defense. A safety scored on a try play is worth one point.
This can occur when, for example, the defense gains control of the ball and advances it into the field of play, but then retreats into its own end zone when play is stopped.
Similarly, the defense could recover a fumble in its own end zone before play is stopped. A safety on a try play could also be awarded to the defense if the defense takes possession of the ball during a try play, advances it all the way down to the opposite end of the field, where the offensive team then regains possession before the play is declared dead in that end zone.
The officials' signal for a successful try, whether an extra point or a two-point conversion, is the same as for a touchdown. The officials' signal for a safety on a try play is also the same as on a scrimmage play.
After the trial, the team that scored the touchdown kicks off to the opposing team. Unlike a safety that occurs on a scrimmage play, no free-kick is awarded following a safety on a try play.
During sudden-death over time, particularly in the NFL, if a team scores a touchdown in the overtime period, the game is immediately over, and the try is not attempted.
In NCAA overtime, if the second team to possess the ball in the overtime scores a touchdown which puts them ahead of the opponent in points the game ends immediately and no try is attempted.
A free-kick see above may be taken on the play immediately after any fair catch of a punt. The ball must be held on the ground by a member of the kicking team or drop kicked; a tee may not be used.
High school kickers may use a tee. This is both a field goal attempt and a free-kick; if the ball is kicked between the goalposts, three points are scored for the kicking team.
This is the only case where a free kick may score points. This method of scoring is extremely rare, last successfully completed in the NFL by Ray Wersching in It is only advantageous when a team catches a very short punt with very little time left.
A team is unlikely to be punting with only a few seconds left in a half or overtime, and it is rarer still for punts to be caught near field goal range.
The officials' signal for a successful fair catch kick is the same as for a field goal. The game is officiated by a crew of three to seven officials.
Every crew will consist of a referee , who is generally in charge of the game and watches the action on the quarterback and in the offensive backfield; an umpire , who handles spotting the ball and watches the action on the offensive line; and a head linesman , who supervises the placement of the down box and line-to-gain chains.
The crew may also consist of a line judge , back judge , field judge and side judge , in the order listed: i.
Officials are selected by the teams in advance or appointed by the governing league. While the majority of officials at lower levels only officiate games on a part-time basis, the NFL is implementing a new system where seven officials will become full-time employees of the league, one for each official position i.
During the game, the officials are assisted in the administration of the game by other persons, including a clock operator to start and stop the game clock and possibly also the play clock ; a chain crew who hold the down indicator and the line-to-gain chains on the sideline; and ball boys , who provide footballs to officials between downs e.
These individuals may be provided by the teams involved — it is common for a high school coach's son or daughter to act as a ball boy for the team.
Because football is a high- contact sport requiring a balance between offense and defense, many rules exist that regulate equality, safety, contact, and actions of players on each team.
It is very difficult to always avoid violating these rules without giving up too much of an advantage. Thus, an elaborate system of fouls and penalties has been developed to "let the punishment fit the crime" and maintain a balance between following the rules and keeping a good flow of the game.
Players are constantly looking for ways to find an advantage that stretches the limitations imposed by the rules.
Also, the frequency and severity of fouls can make a large difference in the outcome of a game, so coaches are constantly looking for ways to minimize the number and severity of infractions committed by their players.
It is a common misconception that the term "penalty" is used to refer both to an infraction and the penal consequence of that infraction.
A foul is a rule infraction for which a penalty is prescribed. In most cases when a foul occurs, the offending team will be assessed a penalty of 5, 10, or 15 yards, depending on the foul.
Also, in most cases, if the foul is committed while the ball is in play, the down will be replayed from the new position for example, if the offense commits a foul on a first-down play, the next play will still be first down, but the offense may have to go 15 yards, or farther, to achieve another first down.
But if a defensive foul results in the ball advancing beyond the offense's first-down objective, the next play will be the first down of a new series.
Some penalties typically for more serious fouls , however, require a loss of down for the offense; and some defensive fouls may result in an automatic first down regardless of the ball position.
In all cases except for ejection of a player or, in rare cases, forfeiture of the game , the non-offending team is given the option of declining the penalty and letting the result of the play stand although the Referee may exercise this option on their behalf when it is obvious , if they believe it to be more to their advantage.
For some fouls by the defense, the penalty is applied in addition to the yardage gained on the play. Most personal fouls , which involve danger to another player, carry yard penalties; in rare cases, they result in offending players being ejected from the game.
In the NFL, if a defensive foul occurs after time has expired at the end of a half, the half will be continued for a single, untimed play from scrimmage.
Under college rules, any accepted penalty when the time has expired at the end of any quarter results in an extension for one untimed down.
In the NFL, with three exceptions, no penalty may move the ball more than half the distance toward the penalized team's goal line.
These exceptions are defensive pass interference see the discussion of that foul for more details , intentional grounding, and offensive holding — but in this last case, the exception pertains only if the infraction occurs within the offensive team's own end zone, in which case an automatic safety is assessed intentional grounding from the end zone also carries an automatic safety.
Under college rules, the same half-the-distance principle applies, but any offensive fouls involving contact in their end zone e.
Each team receives three timeouts per half if the game goes to overtime, each team receives additional timeouts , making for a total of six timeouts per team in a regulation game.
Unused timeouts may not carry over to the second half or overtime. In professional football, a team must have at least one remaining timeout to challenge an official's call.
In the NFL, a number of rulings can be reviewed by officials or challenged by coaches. If a coach wants to challenge a play, he must do so before the next play begins, and he does so by throwing a red flag similar to the officials' yellow flags.
Coaches are allowed two challenges per game and are granted a third if their first two are successful. The team loses a timeout if they lose the challenge.
Therefore, they cannot challenge if they do not have timeouts. Plays within the two-minute-warning and overtime cannot be challenged; any review must be initiated by a replay official off-field.
The referee performs the actual review via a video screen on the sideline. The referee will announce the result of instant replay reviews over his wireless microphone.
Beginning in the NFL Season, an instant replay review by the booth official will now be automatic for every play ruled by the referees on the field to have scored points.
This is seen as another step in the "modernization" of sports. Every scoring play will be reviewed now, which saves coaches from using up their challenges on close plays in the endzone.
In college, coaches are allowed one challenge per game by first requesting a timeout. Otherwise, a replay official in the press box observes all plays.
If he deems a ruling may be in error, he notifies the officials on the field to interrupt the game before the beginning of the next play.
The replay official performs the review and relays the decision to the referee, who announces the result. Not every conference employs replay, which is optional.
High school rules generally do not provide for a video review of any decisions by officials during a game.
By state adoption, replay may be used in a state championship game. At all times, the use of television or videotape for coaching purposes during the game is prohibited.
If a coach feels a rule has been misinterpreted, he may call a timeout and request a coach-referee conference to discuss the ruling with the referee, but no replay equipment will be consulted during the conference.
In the regular season, only one minute overtime is played and games may end in a tie. Postseason games play multiple minute periods until there is a winner.
Plays during the final two minutes of each half and all overtime periods are subject only to booth review. All turnovers and plays ruled on the field to have scored points are automatically reviewed regardless of game time.
Coaches are not allowed to challenge in either situation and may risk an unsportsmanlike conduct penalty if they attempt to do so; coaches cannot be disqualified on second unsportsmanlike.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Rules for American football. Main article: American football positions.
Main article: Touchdown. Main article: Field goal. Main article: Safety gridiron football score. Main article: Fair catch kick. Main article: Official American football.
Main article: Penalty American football. Main article: Replay review in gridiron football. Archived from the original on November 5, Retrieved October 1, Associated Press.
November 23, Retrieved December 9, March 28, Retrieved December 27, Sports Illustrated. Retrieved October 19, Retrieved April 7, Retrieved July 11, Retrieved January 7, April 9, Retrieved April 9, USA Today.
Retrieved September 28, Retrieved August 15, Retrieved May 22, Triumph Books. October 1, Gridiron football concepts.
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Add links. No, a player is automatically ruled down when any part of his body other than the feet or hands touches the ground.
Automatic first down, with the lesser of 15 yards from the previous spot or the spot of the foul. Modified sudden death : if the team possessing the ball first scores a field goal, the other team is given one possession to win with a touchdown or continue the game by scoring a field goal.
Each team is given one possession from its opponent's twenty-five-yard line with no game clock first 4 possessions; thereafter, from the opponent's 3-yard line.
The team leading after both possessions is declared the winner. If the teams remain tied, another overtime is played. Starting with triple overtime, teams are only allowed to attempt two-point conversions after a touchdown.
After quadruple overtime, two-point conversions will be employed thereafter. Games may not end in a tie. Coaches are issued two challenges to request a review for all other plays.
A third challenge is awarded if both are successful. Was ist bei Strafe verboten? Und welche neuen Football-Regeln gibt es?
Dafür bleiben den Teams vier Mal 15 Minuten Zeit. An beiden Enden befinden sich die sogenannten Endzonen , in denen jeweils ein stimmgabelförmiges Tor steht.
Elf Spieler stehen pro Team auf dem Platz. Die einen greifen an Offense , während die anderen verteidigen Defense.
Um da hinzukommen, versucht die angreifende Mannschaft ab der Line of Scrimmage die zeigt den Punkt an, bis wohin sich die Offense bisher vorgekämpft hat innerhalb von vier Spielzügen 10 Yards zu überwinden.
Gelingt ihr das, bekommt sie ab dem erreichten Punkt ein neues "First Down" , also wieder vier Chancen, um die nächsten zehn Yards zu knacken.
Die Defense versucht natürlich, das neue "First Down" zu verhindern. Wichtig: Hat es die Offense innerhalb dreier Züge nicht geschafft, die zehn Yards zu bewältigen und ist die Endzone noch zu weit weg, entscheidet sie sich dafür, zu "punten" und das Angriffsrecht wird gewechselt.
Schafft er das, bekommt das Team drei Punkte. Die Defense hat jederzeit die Möglichkeit , den Ball und somit das Angriffsrecht zu erobern.
Wie Interceptions ablaufen können, sehen Sie hier. Hier einige Beispiele für einen Fumble:. Optional können sie versuchen, den Ball von der Ein-Yard-Linie aus erneut über die "Goal Line" zu tragen oder zu passen.
So kann eine Two-Point-Conversion aussehen:. Erscheint ein Touchdown unmöglich, probiert das angreifende Team meistens im vierten Versuch , den Ball durch die Torstangen zu kicken.
Gelingt das, gibt das drei Punkte Field Goal - siehe Video oben. Gültiger Touchdown : Nicht immer ist ein vermeintlicher Touchdown auch gültig.
Wird der Ball hingegen über die "Goal Line" getragen reicht es, wenn er in der Luft teilweise "über" der Endzone ist.
Die Challenge : Kommt einem Trainer eine Schiri-Entscheidung komisch vor, hat er pro Spiel zwei Mal die Möglichkeit, die Entscheidung "herauszufordern" - also überprüfen zu lassen.
Diese dauert 15 Minuten. Der Münzwurf entscheidet, welches Team beginnt. Dann darf er weitergegeben werden - allerdings auch nur nach hinten.
Je nach Spielsituation steht immer nur eine Abteilung auf dem Feld. Bei jedem Spielzug wird ihm vom Center der Ball nach hinten durch die Beine zugeworfen oder übergeben.
Runningback RB : Der Runningback — wie der Name sagt — steht ausgangs meistens neben oder hinter dem Quarterback und kämpft sich laufenderweise mit dem Ball durch die Defense.
Dieser wird ihm entweder vom Quarterback übergeben, oder über kurze Distanz zugepasst. Lange Pässe fängt der Runningback selten. Ein guter Runningback ist flink und wendig.
Die Defense steht der Offense gegenüber und verhindert, dass diese Raum gewinnt. Im Idealfall provoziert die Defense durch ihre aggressive Spielweise einen Turnover, fängt also einen Pass ab Interception oder verursacht einen Ballverlust Fumble.
Viele denken, American Football sei brutal und es sei alles erlaubt.Sofern nicht anders angegeben, see more notierte Preise für das ganze Spiel, inklusive jeder Spielverlängerung. Personal Foul : Persönliche Fouls werden immer mit 15 Yards bestraft. Im Falle eines Unentschiedens check this out die Einsätze zurückerstattet. Das "Ei" muss dorthin getragen oder dort gefangen werden, um einen Touchdown zu erzielen. Blocken von hinten und unterhalb der Gürtellinie; nur in einem eng umgrenzten Bereich erlaubt sogenannte Clipping-Zone. Passspiel Passspielzüge sind recht komplex und folgen ebenfalls eigenen Regeln. Für die Aufgabe als Receiver, die flink und schnell zur gegnerischen Endzone rennen sollen, wären sie nicht geeignet. Zerrissene Trikots sind ebenfalls tabu und glatte, klebrige oder glitschige Oberflächen führen ebenfalls zur Strafe. Line American Football Rules Scrimmage Die Linie, von der aus jeder Spielzug beginnt. Quarter kann nur noch der Oberschiedsrichter und der offizielle Spielerbeobachter eine Challenge beantragen. Zerstörte Bälle kommen bei einer Sportart wie dem American Football schon einmal vor, sodass für genügend Ersatz gesorgt sein muss. Die Defense hat jederzeit die Möglichkeitden Ball und somit das Angriffsrecht zu erobern. Linebacker Hinter der Defensive Line steht das Äquivalent zum Quarterback: Dieser Spieler soll Runningbacks stoppen und muss daher GroРЇbettlingen in finden Spielothek Beste agil als auch kräftig sein. Setzen Sie auf den Spieler, der den ersten, den letzten oder irgendeinen Touchdown im Spiel erzielt, oder darauf, dass kein Touchdown erzielt wird. American Football Spielregeln.